BI 150 - Anatomy and Physiology I
Credit Hours: 3
A study of general principles of human anatomy and physiology. Topics include structure and function of cells, tissues, the integument, skeletal system and joints, muscular and nervous systems.
Fulfills SUNY General Education -- Natural Sciences.
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:
BODY ORGANIZATION AND HOMEOSTASIS
- define anatomy and physiology.
- explain what is meant by levels of organization;
- apply anatomical terminology to describe body regions, planes, body cavities and directional terms; and
- define homeostasis and explain its importance to survive.
CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
- explain the relationship between elements and atoms;
- become familiar with basic chemistry;
- detail organic and inorganic molecules;
- explain differences between saturated and unsaturated fats; and
- discuss enzymes and their heat, pH and substrate specificity.
- state the location, structure and function of each of the major organelles of the cell;
- describe the composition of plasma membrane and explain the "Fluid Mosaic Model";
- identify transport mechanisms across cell membranes;
- discuss isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic solutions; and
- state the function of genes. Explain the term "genetic code".
- discuss the structure and function of epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue;
- differentiate between endocrine and exocrine glands; and
- classify multicellular exocrine glands by comparing structure and function.
- describe the functions of skin;
- define epidermis, dermis and hypodermis, listing the major layers of each and describe the function of each layer; and
- discuss structures associated with epidermis, dermis and hypodermis.
OSSEOUS TISSUE AND SKELETAL SYSTEM
- state the functions of bones;
- label and study gross anatomy of a long bone;
- escribe the histology of Haversian system;
- Discuss the chemical composition of bone. What are the purposes of organic and inorganic bone components;
- Detail bone remodeling and maintenance of bone.
- structurally and functionally classify joints;
- label and define the parts of a synovial joint; and
- define and give the common range of movement allowed by joints.
MUSCLE TISSUE AND MUSCULAR SYSTEM
- compare and contrast the three types of muscle;
- describe connective tissue coverings of skeletal muscle;
- describe histology of a skeletal muscle fiber;
- explain sliding filament theory; and
- discuss how muscle cells are stimulated to contract by the nervous system.
- state the functions of the nervous system;
- explain the structural and functional divisions of the nervous system;
- classify neurons structurally and functionally;
- define resting membrane potential and describe its electrochemical basis; and
- cetail the importance of the myelin sheath and describe how it is formed in the CNS and PNS.
SPINAL CORD, SPINAL NERVES AND SPINAL REFLEXES
- identify and describe functions of the spinal cord;
- describe structure and function of ascending and descending tracts; and
- discuss reflexes and describe the components of a reflex arc.
BRAIN AND CRANIAL NERVE
- discuss the major regions of the brain and give their functions;
- name 12 pairs of cranial nerves and give their function; and
- describe how the meninges, CSF, and blood-brain barrier protect the CNS.Describe the functional areas of the cerebral cortex.
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
- compare and contrast the two divisions of ANS;
- describe the effects of cholinergic and adrenergic drugs; and
- differentiate the effects of SNS and PNS stimulation on selected organs.
EYE AND EAR
- identify major structures of the eye and ear and give locations; and
- describe normal physiology of vision and hearing.
Corequisites: EN 110; BI 147 is recommended for students lacking a science background.
Concurrent Registration: BI 151
S (C, N, S)