Sep 23, 2020  
Fall 2017 Catalog 
    
Fall 2017 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

BI 178 - Basic Human Physiology


Credit Hours: 3

This course covers all the major systems of the body with a special emphasis on nutrition issues and nutritionally-related diseases.

Course Outcomes
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:

GENERAL PLAN OF THE HUMAN BODY

  • define anatomy and physiology and explain their interrelationship;
  • compare the levels of organization of the human body;
  • identify the various tissue types in terms of structure, function and location; and
  • describe homeostasis and explain its significance.

CHEMICAL LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION

  • state the main elements composing the human body;
  • define metabolism; describe anabolic and catabolic reactions;
  • describe the function of the major inorganic molecules and the significance of pH in the body;
  • define and apply the terms "hydrolysis" and "dehydration synthesis";
  • identify the four major classes of organic molecules; describe the molecular structure and the function of each; and
  • relate each of the classes of organic molecules to their food sources.

CELLULAR AND TISSUE LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION

  • define the cell as the basic unit of life;
  • define the structure of the cell membrane; list its functions;
  • describe the process by which substances pass through the cell membrane;
  • compare and contrast isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic solutions; and
  • identify and describe important organelles.

THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM

  • describe lymph and lymphatic vessels;
  • describe the method and direction of lymph flow;
  • describe the structure of a lymph node; explain its physiology;
  • state the body's general defenses against disease;
  • explain the immune response; differentiate between the types of immunity; and
  • explain blood typing, transplant rejection and allergies.

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

  • describe the characteristics of blood;
  • state the functions of blood;
  • identify and give the function of each of the components of plasma.Describe red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets;
  • describe the steps and the various problems involved in blood clotting;
  • describe the external and internal anatomy of the heart;
  • trace the flow of blood through the heart and through the body circuits;
  • describe the conduction system and the outcome of irregularities in this system;
  • identify and locate the heart valves; describe irregularities in blood flow due to faulty valves;
  • describe the types of blood vessels, including function and blood pressure;
  • state factors affecting blood pressure and cardiac output;
  • explain several vessel disorders, such as aneurysm and hypertension; and
  • discuss the effects of diet on the cardiovascular system.

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND METABOLISM

  • describe the organs of the gastrointestinal tract; describe the accessory organs;
  • describe the wall of the gastrointestinal tract; describe variations in the wall in each specific organ;
  • differentiate between mechanical and chemical digestion;
  • describe the action of an enzyme; describe each enzyme involved in digestion;
  • describe bile and describe its role in digestion;
  • identify the end products of digestion and explain how each is absorbed;
  • define nutrient; list the types of nutrients and explain the function of each;
  • explain the processes of glucose catabolism and glucose anabolism;
  • explain the metabolic pathways involved in lipid catabolism; in lipid anabolism;
  • explain the metabolic pathways involved in the utilization of amino acids for energy;
  • differentiate between fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins; describe the function of each; and
  • explain the significance of several minerals in maintaining homeostasis.

THE URINARY SYSTEM AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE

  • identify and locate the organs composing the urinary system;
  • describe the anatomy of a nephron;
  • explain the processes of filtration, tubular reabsorption and secretion;
  • state normal constituents of urine;
  • state abnormal components of urine, and explain the clinical significance of each; and
  • describe the role of the kidney in water, pH, and electrolyte balance.

THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

  • identify and locate each of the organs composing the endocrine system;
  • differentiate between endocrine and exocrine glands;
  • state the hormones produced by each gland; explain the physiological significance of each; and
  • describe hormone regulation.


S (N)

Reserved for Dietetic Technology students only.