BI 225 - Botany
Credit Hours: 3
An introductory course designed to provide a basic understanding of plant structure and function. Classification, morphology, life cycles and evolution of algae, fungi, mosses, ferns, pines and flowering plants are discussed. Special emphasis is placed on flowering plant functions such as photosynthesis, respiration and plant hormones.
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:
HISTORY OF BOTANY
- describe the major areas of botanical research including the development of plant uses in medicine, geography, ecology, and aesthetics. Explain how this research has affected culture.
CELL STRUCTURE, MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS, TISSUE TYPES
- compare and contrast plant and animal cells with respect to mitosis and meiosis; and
- describe life cycles and maintenance of plants.
ROOTS, STEMS, LEAVES, FLOWERS AND FRUITS
- describe the major differences between members of the monocotyledonae and the dicotyledonae, with respect to roots, stems, and leaf tissues; and
- compare and contrast differences in flower, fruit types, and pollination mechanisms.
SOILS, METABOLISM, AND GROWTH
- describe origins of major soil types; recognize the effect of soil type on development of ecosystems and cultures;
- explain the processes of photosynthesis and respiration; and
- discuss the physiological effects of hormones in plants and how they are utilized in agriculture and horticulture.
CLASSIFICATION, PROTISTA AND FUNGI
- describe the five-kingdom system of classification and how to use the foundational rules of binomial nomenclature;
- identify the structure and life cycle of representative members of the Protista and Fungi kingdoms; and
- discuss the effects of these organisms on medicine and food production.
SURVEY OF NON-FLOWERING PLANTS
- identify structures and describe life cycles of representative members of the Bryophyta, Psilophyta, Lycophyta, Sphenophyta, Pteridophyta and Coniferophyta; and
- discuss how members of the above groups have affected man historically and technologically.
SURVEY OF FLOWERING PLANTS
- explain the process of double fertilization and seed development in monocots and dicots.
Concurrent Registration: BI 226
F/S (C, S)