MA 216 - Clinical Diagnostic Orientation
Credit Hours: 4
A laboratory course which is designed to provide the medical assistant with entry-level skills in diagnostic laboratory orientation. Patient education for all procedures will be emphasized. Laboratory sessions provide practice in proper procedures for patient preparation, collection, handling, storage and/or transportation of clinical specimens; laboratory testing procedures including reference ranges and their clinical significance; quality control; and aseptic practices. Fundamentals of the purposes and techniques including: special examination, recording of electrocardiogram, recording spirometry, administration of medications, and phlebotomy are presented.
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- list examples of biologic specimens and describe proper procedures for collection, handling, storage, and/or transport of these specimens;
- instruct a patient in the prior preparation necessary and in what to expect during the collection of the specimen;
- perform venipuncture on training arm using appropriate anticoagulant when necessary;
- identify and define several categories of laboratory tests based on function and list the major tests included under each category;
- apply quality control methods in all areas including advance patient preparation, specimen collection, handling, transportation, and laboratory testing;
- identify and incorporate laboratory safety guidelines in performance laboratory test procedures;
- state the reference (normal) ranges for the more common laboratory tests;
- demonstrate proper preparation and administration of oral medication and correct handling of equipment and dosage for parenteral administration of medication;
- demonstrate competency in the performance of selected laboratory procedures and/or diagnostic tests in the following categories: hematology, clinical chemistry, serology, and urinalysis;
- demonstrate proper procedures for recording and mounting a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram;
- demonstrate proper procedure for performance of spirometry;
- identify the medical assistant's role in assisting with various specialty examinations; and
- apply proper medical terminology in all areas listed above.
Prerequisites: BI 150/BI 151, BI 152 , MA 115, MA 125, MA 126.
Corequisites: ML 218, ML 219, MA 217