BI 107 - Human Biology
Credit Hours: 3
A science elective designed for non-science majors. Topics will include digestive system and nutrition, genetics and reproduction, nervous system and drugs and survey of disease.
Fulfills SUNY General Education – Natural Sciences.
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:
- INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ORGANIZATION AND THE CELL
- describe the organization of life; and
- describe the role of the cell as the basic unit of structure and function.
- TISSUES/ORGAN SYSTEMS AND CONCEPT OF HOMEOSTASIS
- detail the four major types of tissues; and
- explain homeostasis and describe what happens if the body cannot maintain homeostasis.
- NUTRITION AND DIGESTION
- describe and distinguish each of the six nutrient classes based on structure, function and food sources;
- locate and detail the structures of the digestive system; and
- associate each structure with its digestive function, contrasting mechanical from chemical digestion where appropriate.
- CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
- discuss the composition of blood, its formed elements and plasma;
- identify the major structures of the heart; describe their functions;
- differentiate between the three types of blood vessels; describe the functions of each; and
- describe the conduction system and cardiac cycle of the heart.
- NERVOUS SYSTEM, SENSE ORGANS, AND PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS
- describe the basic structure of neurons and the mechanism of nerve impulse transmission;
- identify and characterize the subdivisions of the nervous system;
- locate and describe the functions of the major regions of the brain;
- compare and contrast the effects of subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system; and
- describe the structures and functions of selected sense organs.
- GENETICS AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
- describe the relationship of DNA, chromosomes, and genes; relate this to protein synthesis;
- define basic terminology of Mendelian genetics; apply these concepts to problem solving situations;
- explain selected genetic disorders in terms of chromosomal abnormalities; and
- detail the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems and describe selected STDs.
- HEALTH RELATED ISSUES
- additional topics may include cancer, immunity, endocrine system, and respiratory system.
F/S (C, N, S)
This course does not satisfy the science requirement for liberal arts/science majors.